Basic difference between using Phono-Graphix and teaching Phonics

Written English Is A Sound Picture Code
The English written language is a phonetic code. This means that each sound in a word is represented by a symbol, or sound picture.

Some Sounds Are Shown With One Letter,
Some Are Shown With Two Or More

The English language contains sound pictures that are made with one letter, such as the sound pictures in the word cat. Each letter represents one sound. Many sound pictures are made with two or more letters, such as the oa in boat and the ou in out. Rules about these sound pictures which are taught in traditional phonics programs do not work and only serve to confuse the new reader. eg: “When two vowels go walkin’ the first one does the talkin'”, holds up 40% of the time, failing the new reader in thousands of common words like house, steak, August, bread and eight. In addition to being unreliable, rules tend to distract the reader from the decoding process and cause him/her to focus on the rule itself.

There Is Variation In The Code
Most sounds can be represented by more than one sound picture. The sound ‘s’ for instance can be represented in these ways: city voice house

There Is Overlap In The Code
The same sound picture that can spell the sound ‘ee’ in beach, spells the sound ‘e’ in bread and the sound ‘a-e’ in steak.

Most Reading Programs Are Developmentally Inappropriate

Phonics programs ask the child to learn the written code backwards. They teach the child that letters ‘make’ sounds rather than that sounds can be represented with ‘sound pictures’. This backwards strategy is developmentally impossible for a young child to understand. Imposing it on him sets him for failure from the very beginning. Phonics programs also rely on rules to teach children about the code. These rules are based on propositional logic, which we have known since Piaget is beyond the reasoning of a young child. In addition, the rules are erroneous, leaving the message that the code is unreliable. When Phonics was the primary reading method the illiteracy rate was 33% (US Department of Education, 1979).
Whole Language programs ask the child to learn to read by reading. This is illogical. Although Whole Language activities have their place and offer the child a love of literature, they do not teach him to read. When Whole Language has been the primary reading method, the illiteracy rate was 42% (Report Card on The Nation & States, 1993).


What is Phono-Graphix

This method of teaching reading works with ALL children and ALL adults. It is claimed to have an over 90% success rate even with dyslexic children thought by some teachers to be impossible to teach.

Do not teach whole words: Remembering words is not how we read.

1. Humans cannot remember more than about 1500 – 2000 unique signs. For this reason, no whole word (logo-graphic) writing system can ever work or ever did.
Our “sound of words” memory is MUCH bigger. The oral vocabulary ranges from about 50,000 to over 200,000 words.

2. All writing systems use phonological units as a primary basis for the code, ranging in size from the phoneme to the syllable. The unit most appropriate for a particular orthography is determined by these factors: the use of a phonological unit that is easiest to isolate in speech, the syllable structure of the language, and the number of types of phonological units in the language. The Phono-Graphix method has identified those sounds needed to know how to read, its the most efficient method of learning to read.

ABC”s — Ideally the English alphabet — SHOULD NOT BE TAUGHT — because the English names of letters — DO NOT HAVE — those same sounds when used in English words.
Knowing the –NAMES– of letters (The English ABC’s) –SLOWS DOWN– the process of learning to read English. Most other languages don’t have this confusion, the letter names and the letter sounds are identical. Children knowing our English alphabet (ABC’s) has nothing to do with learning to read, incorrect name sounds for these letters is adding unnecessary confusion at a critical point in the learning process for reading. If your child already knows their ABC’s they will stumble repeatedly with incorrect letter sounds as they learn to read. Save your energy and teach the Phono-Graphix method from the beginning.

Here is how the Phono Graphix method works:

Children are taught the letters and letter combinations that represent sounds we use to speak. There are about 150 of these to remember.
These written characters or groups of characters are called Sound pictures or Phono-Graphix.
The child is then taught how to break down words into the individual sound pictures.
Then sound them out individually.
Then the child is taught to join those sounds together, when the combination of sounds is recognised the word is successfully read.
This how we all read, we just don’t realise that we use this method, we do it so well, and so quickly. These 150 letters and letter combinations that represent sounds are constantly exercised in memory as we read, so they are easily remembered. When faced with words in a foreign language or words we have never seen before, we immediately slow down and adopt this Phono-Graphix method of reading. In fact we are automatically decoding whole words into small sound pictures, combining those sounds in our memory – but sometimes we must say them aloud. All in the hope that we will produce the sound of a word we can remember and recognise what that word means or represents.

Linkage of language to life’s experiences is a key element in learning to read. The memories have to be there first and memories must also be connected to those words. Children should be given many experiences linked to a single word before it is safely stored in memory. “Apple” must be seen, it must be held, it must be smelled, it must be tasted, it must be eaten. Then the word is remembered. Later when the written word is decoded and the sounds spoken aloud, the sound of that word is recognised and the memories linked to that word are recalled and the Phono-Graphic representation of the written word “Apple” has real meaning.

Parents can prepare a story book based on a child’s experiences and use this book to teach their child how to read. Later the child can write their own story book and learn how to read and write. A story book can have photos taken with a digital camera of familiar things around the home and these pictures made into a story book using a computer. Books that you buy that invoke no memories will be harder to read and will be less interesting to the student. Reading is all about linking words to memories of life’s experiences then they are linked to imagined experiences.

Phono Graphix is a particularly suitable method for children who have problems with memory.
It takes what the child already knows – the sounds of the language – and teaches in careful stages the ‘sound pictures’ that represent those sounds.
These ‘sound pictures’ are the least amount of information needed in order to break down any word and then read that word.